What support do mothers have in states that ban abortion?
Abortion is now illegal in these states. See where laws have changed.
The United States generally performs poorly on a range of measures related to maternal support and outcomes, and a state breakdown provides insight into the varied experiences of childbirth and child rearing across this country. While childcare tends to be more affordable in banned states, uninsured female and maternal mortality rates are among the highest in the country; no state with a ban has laws guaranteeing paid leave that helps women recover from childbirth without losing income.
The maps below show how each state ranks on key factors affecting women, pregnancy and parenting.
Paid family leave has been an uphill struggle for over a century in the United States, one of the few countries in the world that does not offer paid maternity leave. The Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA), passed by Congress in 1993, guarantees 12 weeks of unpaid leave within a year, but applies only to companies with 50 or more employees and only to employees who have already been with the company for 10 years a year.
Ten states and Washington, DC have expanded FMLA to provide some form of paid leave. Massachusetts offers 12 weeks of paid vacations, while California and DC offer eight. Other states do not offer anything other than FMLA.
In states that have banned abortion rights, women earn lower salaries than women in other states.
Women in Idaho and Mississippi earn the lowest average salary at about $24,000. Next is West Virginia, Utah, New Mexico, Montana, and Alabama, where women earn about $25,000 on average.
Health insurance is an important factor in accessing prenatal, maternity and pediatric care; Lack of insurance is associated with numerous negative consequences for mother and child.
In most abortion-ban states, there is a high percentage of women who do not have private or public health insurance. Meanwhile, the cost of childbirth varies by region, but is typically more than $10,000 for a vaginal delivery. In 2021, 26.3 percent of women ages 19 to 44 in Texas had no insurance coverage.
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Families are generally better able to afford childcare in trigger states than others, but in Wyoming, for example, childcare is expensive and not readily available. Many of these states also lack quality childcare, particularly as a greater number of workers are retiring.
Maternal mortality has risen in the United States, with black women nearly three times as likely to die as white women in 2020. The number of deaths of pregnant and young mothers in states with abortion bans are among the highest.
Maternal mortality rates in states with abortion bans are 42 percent higher than in states with broader access.
Annys Shin and Dan Keating contributed to this report.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/parenting/2022/05/06/support-in-states-banning-abortion/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=wp_lifestyle What support do mothers have in states that ban abortion?