president Joe Biden signed the Emmett Till Anti-Lynching Law into law on Tuesday, making lynching a federal hate crime. Under the law, it is possible to prosecute a crime as a lynching when a conspiracy to commit a hate crime results in death or serious bodily harm. The resulting crime is punishable by up to 30 years in prison.
@POTUS Sign the Emmett Till Antilynching Act of 2022. What an honor for our co-founder and cousin of #EmmettTill @DeborahWatz along with their daughters, granddaughters and other relatives to take part in this historic day #JusticeForEmmettTill https://t.co/gAMdw7LMqZ above @GlamNiki
— EmmettTillLegacyFdn (@EmmettTill) March 30, 2022
“Racial hatred is not an old problem — it’s an ongoing problem,” the president said as he signed the law. “Hate never goes away. It just hides.”
The author of the bill was Rep. Bobby Rush (D-Ill.), and it was sponsored in the Senate by Sen. Cory Booker (DN.J.) and Tim Scott (RS.C.).
The main text reads as follows:
SEC. 2. LYNCHING; OTHER CONSPIRACIES.
Section 249(a) of Title 18, United States Code is amended by adding the following at the end:
“(5) LYNCHING.—Whoever is conspired to commit an offense under paragraph (1), (2) or (3) shall, if death or serious personal injury (as defined in Section 2246 of this title) arise from the result in a felony, be imprisoned for no more than 30 years, be fined under this title, or both.
“(6) OTHER CONspiracies.—Anyone who has conspired to commit an offense under paragraph (1), (2) or (3) shall do so if death or serious personal injury (as defined in Section 2246 of this title ) result from the offense , or if the offense involves kidnapping or attempted kidnapping, aggravated sexual abuse or attempted committing aggravated sexual abuse, or attempted homicide, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 30 years, a fine under this title or both. ”
The law broadens both the definition and the punishment for lynching. rush has called that the legislation matters because “lynching is a longstanding and uniquely American weapon of racial terror, used for decades to uphold white hierarchy.”
Before the bill was signed into law by the President, it received unanimous support in the Senate and a yes vote 422 to 3 in the house, with deputies Chip Roy (R-Texas), Andrew S Clyde (R-Ga.) and Thomas Mass (R-Ky.) vote against.
The bill is named after Emmet Tillthe 14-year-old black boy who became a posthumous civil rights icon after being brutally tortured and murdered in Mississippi in 1955 after a white woman made false claims against him.
When the bill passed in the Senate, Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (DN.Y.) called“After more than 200 failed attempts to outlaw lynching, Congress is finally able to take a long-overdue action by passing the Emmett Till Anti-Lynching Act.”
Senator Booker tweeted that he was “over the moon” with the passage of the bill in the Senate, saying, “The time has passed to reckon with this dark chapter in our history.”
I am over the moon with the Senate passage of the Emmett Till Antilynching Act. The time has passed to reckon with this dark chapter in our history and I am proud of the bipartisan support to pass this important law.
— Sen. Cory Booker (@SenBooker) March 8, 2022
Booker later showed up the view said the bill brought him “an enormous sense of relief” and that he “feels like our ancestors breathe a sigh of relief.
When President Biden signs the Emmett Till Antilynching Act today after 100 years of effort, history will finally be made. pic.twitter.com/vHt4Cj9BhV
— Cory Booker (@CoryBooker) March 29, 2022
“Racial hatred isn’t an old problem — it’s an ongoing problem,” Biden said during the signing. “Hate never goes away. It just hides.”
Rush is also the sponsor of pending legislation honoring Emmett Till and his mother Mamie Till Mobley. HR 2252 would posthumously award a Congressional Gold Medal to mother and son, and HR 4581 would direct the Postmaster-General to issue a commemorative stamp in honor of Mamie Till-Mobley.
[screengrab via PBS News Hour]
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https://lawandcrime.com/civil-rights/president-biden-signs-emmett-till-anti-lynching-act-into-federal-law-heres-what-the-law-says/ President Biden signs the Emmett Till Anti-Lynching Act into federal law