Indian singer and Bollywood icon Lata Mangeshkar died February 6 in Mumbai, India, according to the Press Trust of India. She is 92 years old and suffering from many complications after COVID, according to reports in the Indian media.
She was hospitalized at Mumbai’s Breach Candy in January with pneumonia. Other media have reported that she also has heart problems.
Mangeshkar, dubbed the “queen of tunes” by the Indian media, mainly sings songs from the movies, although many of the songs are also religious melodies known as bhajans. She is also responsible for the singers earning royalties instead of just one-time payments thanks to the lone fight she waged in the 1960s that finally succeeded in 2018.
In memory of her, the late Dilip Kumar once said: “The fragrance of a flower without colour, a flowing stream or a cool breeze belongs to no country, the smile of an innocent child without religion, future generations. similar to the voice of Lata Mangeshkar is a wonder of the creation of nature”.
When her father, musician and stage actor Deenanath, died at a young age, Mangeshkar, the eldest of four siblings, began singing under the auspices of family friend Vinayak.
Despite detractors saying her voice was too comedic, Mangeshkar broke through first in Marathi films and then in Hindi cinema, where its headquarters were then known as Bombay. Trained in classical Hindustani music, she also studied Urdu as many lyricists in the 1940s wrote in that language. Her classical music background is evident in songs such as “Man Mohana Bade Jhoote” in 1955’s “Seema”.
Music director Ghulam Muhammad took her into his wing when monotonous Vinayak passed away. Muhammad gave her a chance to sing “Majboor” in 1948.
In 1949’s “Mahal”, the main character Madhubala lip-synced with Mangeshkar singing “Aayega aanewala”, a song that became one of her regular hits.
While vying for places with other singers like Noor Jehan and Shamshad Begum, she soon became the undisputed queen of Bollywood.
Also very popular are her duets with Talat Mehmood, Rafi, Mukesh and Hemant Kumar. Her albums sold in large numbers to HMV, the company that released them. She tried to get royalties in the 1960s, but the producers thought a one-time payment was enough.
“Saregama Music Company HMV has almost all of my songs,” she complained in 2012 when lyricist Javed Akhtar tried to get royalties. “They are putting my songs in various collections of Naushad, Salil Chowdhary, Bappi Lahiri, etc. What do I get out of this? I do not receive any royalties. Now there is internet and MP3 format. In the same year, amendments to the Copyright Act of India, 1957 came into effect, guaranteeing royalties to singers. In 2013, the Singers Rights Association of India, chaired by Mangeshkar, was established to lobby for royalties of singers. In 2018, Indian singers finally started receiving royalties.
Throughout his career, Mangeshkar has voiced actors from Nargis to Jaya Bhaduri from the 1950s to the 2000s. In an interview, Bhaduri recounted his thrill of learning that “Lataji” willing to lend her voice to a rookie like her.
For 40 years, Mangeshkar and his sister Asha Bhosle have dominated the Bollywood music industry. Composers range from Anil Biswas and C. Ramchandra to SD Burman and his son, RD Burman, to Naushad and even AR Rahman hired her to sing for them.
Even after the death of composer Madan Mohan, her voice was still incorporated into his tunes in 2004’s “Veer-Zaara”.
Among Mangeshkar’s many awards and titles, three are the highest from the government of India: Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan.
Mangeshkar never married. She is survived by two sisters, Bhosle and Meena Khadikar, who are both singers. Her brother, the composer Hridaynath, before her death.
https://variety.com/2022/music/asia/lata-mangeshkar-dies-at-92-1235173105/ Lata Mangeshkar Died: Singer has COVID