February’s full moon, known as the Snow Moon, will arrive on Wednesday (February 16) at 11:57 a.m. EST (0457 GMT). That same day, Mercury reached its greatest distance west of the sun, making it a bright but challenging “morning star” at mid-north latitudes. .
In New York City, the full moon will rise at 5:32 p.m. local time, according to date and time – exactly when the sun goes down, so from an area with a flat horizon (open fields or water are good candidates) one can watch the sunset and the moon at the same time .
The moon will be in the constellation Leo, the lionand by midnight, it will reach a maximum altitude of 67.9 degrees in New York; The moon’s altitude will be similar at north-central latitudes. The further south you are, the higher the elevation of the moon will be. In Miami, for example, the moon’s elevation at midnight would be about 83 degrees.
Related: Full moon names for the year 2022
A full moon occurs when the moon is exactly opposite the Earth from the sun. Time of moon phases depends on the position of the moon, not the position of the observer, which means that the timing of the full moon depends on each person’s time zone. While in New York City the full moon is at 11:57 a.m., if you live in Madrid (before six), a full moon occurs at 5:57 p.m., which is just before the moon rises at 6:38 pm local time, based on Date and time. In Melbourne, Australia, the full moon occurred at 3:57 a.m. on February 17.
Full moon are an easy target for binoculars or small telescopes, but they can be a bit disappointing because the moon is so bright that the surface loses its contrast. That’s because there’s no shadow to outline the moon’s features. That said, the lunar filters available can make certain features stand out in the telescope. If you observe the moon a few days before or after the full moon, the shadows will show up in more detail.
Full moon occurs on the same day Mercury reaches its greatest distance, or elongation, west of the sun. On February 16, the planet rose at 5:35 a.m. local time, according to Heavens-Above.com calculations. Since the sun rises at 6:48 a.m. you can see it for about an hour – but in mid-north latitudes that will be a challenge. At 6:30 a.m. in New York, the planet will be just 9 degrees above the horizon.
Observers further south will have a slightly easier time – in Galveston, Texas, for example, Mercury will be nearly 11 degrees high around 6:30 a.m. and the sun will rise at 6:57 a.m. local time. Closer to the equator, in Honolulu, Hawaii (where the full moon occurs at 6:57 a.m. local time on February 16), the sun rises at 7:01 a.m., while Mercury rises at 5:31 a.m. according to local time. By 6:30 a.m., the planet was as high as 12 degrees.
In the Southern Hemisphere, Mercury is still higher in the sky – on February 17 (when the full moon occurs there) the planet rises at 4:44 a.m. local time in Melbourne, Australia. The sun rises at 6:51 a.m. and Mercury is about 18 degrees at 6:20 a.m
Venus will also be a “morning star” and for those in the Northern Hemisphere it will be much easier to see than Mercury – in New York City, our sister planet rises at 4:20 a.m. on 16, and by the time the sun rose, it had risen to 22 degrees, according to Heavens-Above. The challenge you can try is to see how close to sunrise you can spot Venus in the sky – the planet is bright and at night is one of the first “stars” that most people look at see when the sky darkens.
Mars is also visible in the dawn sky, rising at 4:48 a.m. in New York and reaching a height of 17 degrees at sunrise. Both Venus and Mars are in the constellation Sagittarius, and later recognizable by its reddish color. Mars will be below Venus and will form a rough triangle with Mercury to the left.
Jupiter visible in the evening, but not for long, as the planet sets shortly after sunset. In New York, it will be only about 10 degrees above the horizon at dusk, in the constellation Aquarius, so picking it out of the hot sun will be a challenge. Over the next month, Jupiter will also move into the pre-dawn sky, becoming prominent in late March.
The full moon shares the sky with some bright winters constellations. In February, the constellation Orion, the hunter can be seen almost all night, starting at dusk in the east-southeast direction. Near Orion are Taurus, the bull, and Gemini, the twins. Just to the southeast of Orion is Canis Major, Big Dog, inhabited by Sirius, the brightest star in the sky. All three constellations are bright enough that they won’t be overwhelmed by the full moon, even in urban areas.
What is the name of “Snow Moon”
According to the Ontario Indigenous Literacy Project, the Ojibwe (or Anishinaabe) peoples call the February full moon Mikwa Giizis the Bear Moon. The Cree call it Kisipisim, or Great Moon, because during this time of year “animals don’t move much and trappers have little chance of catching them.”
The Tlingit of the Pacific Northwest refer to the February full moon as S’eek Dís, or Black Moon, while the Haida call it Hlgit’ún Kungáay, or “Goose Moon”, according to Teaching Resources on Tlingit Moon and Tide published by the University of Alaska at Fairbanks.
In the Southern Hemisphere, where February is summer, the Maori people of New Zealand have described the lunar month of February to March (measured between consecutive new moons, with the full moon in between) as Poutū- te-rangi or “The crop is now harvested”, according to the Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
In China, Traditional lunar calendar The lunar month of February is called the first month, Zhēngyuè, and that is when the traditional Chinese Lunar New Year is celebrated. In 2022, the night of the full moon (as seen in Beijing) falls at 12:57 a.m. on February 17, two days after the Lantern Festival, marking the peak of traditional Chinese New Year festivals – So do many overseas Chinese communities that celebrate it.
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https://www.space.com/35627-february-full-moon.html Full moon February 2022: ‘Snow Moon’ accompanies pre-dawn planets